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Understanding vehicle tyre signs and markings

20th century is regarded to be one of the most revolutionary centuries of all time. The revamp of the automobile industry saw the modernization of the vehicles in every aspect. The circular wheel, which was around the human civilization since the stone age; garnered crucial importance in this very industry during these times. Be it the cars, bikes or cars or trucks; their importance for function became tremendous.

However, the development did not stop there. We even saw the modernization of the classic wheel as time progressed. From the availability in various thickness and sizes to being reformed in a tubeless form, they have never halted to grow. Any circular shape can offer you the ability to move an object. But perhaps, it’s the wheel that makes it go smooth. Modern tyres are more than just the natural rubber mold, for they are synthesized with poly chemical materials for added strength and durability.

Not every journey is a smooth sail. When it comes to tyre, they have a certain limited lifespan during their functioning. They wear from natural effects and friction over time. Most of the users are unaware of how to select good quality of tyres. Tyre change services are aware of things to do when the car tyre needs a replacement but as a customer, one should know the points related to the tyre so that he/she does not get cheated during the tyre change service. Here is our quick guide to assist you to understand the tyre specifications and signs to get a good car tyre replacement:

Specification location:

This is the first step to identify your existing before your tyre change service. Vehicle tyres are usually identified by the code that is inscribed on them. The code is an alphanumeric one; meaning it’s a combination of letters and numbers. This code is inscribed on the facing side of the tyres, usually next to the brand name. this is the place where the brand describes tyre specifications such as top speed limit, load capacity and so on. Tyre manufacturers even inscribe extra tyre details the interior as well as on the exterior walls of the tyre. Added to this fact is the increasing complexity of the details that have kept on rising. A generalized standardization is what keeps the notations and markings in order.

Such type of code should be identified before the tyre replacement happens. This allows you to get a good idea of what to get in a good tyre repair.

Brand name:

This is probably the first thing anyone notices when looking at the sides of the tyre. Brand name, say “swift tyre” (based in Singapore) is inscribed on the tyres with the biggest action fonts. The fonts of the brand are especially highlighted by a bright white rubber-based paint job. Sometimes, the manufacturing companies also utilize crafted markers to give a vinyl look to the brand name.

Sub branding:

If a certain series of a tyre manufacturer is well known, there is a chance that the maker might highlight that very line-up name too. Singapore based tyre specialist brand swift does this by highlighting some of their premier product line-ups such as Pirelli P, Yokohama Advan, Yokohama BluEarth, Continental ContiPremium and more. There is a possibility of the sub-brand to be a unique code too.

Load rating capacity:

There is a limit to weight carriage for a certain vehicle. The very same factor is applicable too. The limit specifies the safe limit for a vehicle. The load capacity of the tyres have a learning curve to them. You need to multiply the aforementioned three or two-digit number to the vehicle by four to find your tyre set’s actual weight carrying capacity. The procedure is not so tedious every time, considering the fact the trye manufacturers directly offer the exact carrying capacity in lbs or kgs as a simplifying measure. Discoverability of this may be difficult due to the smaller font size.

Top speed limit and size:

Tyres suffer constant force from the ground and hence, degrade over time. Speed is one of the factors for quality degradation too. The quality of tyres decide the speed limits they can top with that specific tyre. For example, a ‘Q’ rated tyre tops out to 160 km/hr while a ‘Y’ rated tyre goes all the way up to 300 km/hr. It is important to note that not all cars will fit all type of tyres as of their constraints and specifications.

Sizes of tyres vary too. They are usually denoted in a combinational format like ‘145/70 R12′. Traveling people need not worry since the sizes are generalized by standardizing all over the globe. The sizes are denoted in millimeters, separated by slashes as per the frontal and side dimensions. Accompanying them are the properties like tyre construction type and diameter of the tyre to be changed upon replacement.

One should take tyre replacement seriously. Failing to keep to any aspect in consideration can bring several problems while driving the vehicle. Serious disadvantages include less fuel economy and bad car handling. One should take a great advantage by understanding the specifications and get the best possible outcome from the tyre change replacement.

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